Bees have always helped humans in various ways, particularly in agriculture. The production of multiple kinds of fruits, vegetables, and other plant products is all from pollination. The pollination by the bees enables them to fertilize and produce various plant products. The best plant products occur when pollination happens between the same species, i.e., from one flower to the same plant flower.
Another type of pollination is called cross-pollination, which includes transferring pollen grains from one plant to another plant of different species. The best kind of gene variation is cross-pollination, where different species take part in pollination, resulting in a highly evolved plant species.
Many crops that are essential for human life are present due to pollination. Approximately 14 billion dollars are the value of pollination in developed countries like the USA. There are many different methods through which we can increase the quality and productivity of the plants. The practical and natural way to increase the productivity of the plants is pollination.
This method has been carried out by the honey bees mostly. Honey bees need to become pollinators as most of their food supply gets completed via this pollinator role. For a honey bee to sustain its life, pollen grain filled with protein and sugar is essential. For fulfilling these necessary food materials that help them maintain their life, honey bees visit flowers from time to time. Hence, pollen grains are exchanged during their visit to various flowers, leading to pollination and fertilization eventually.
There are different categories of honey bees having different kinds of nutrition requirements. The nurse and worker bees feed on pollen, honey, and nectar for their living. Then the nurse bees secrete various types of secretions from their body which are for the queen bee. These bees collect nectar in their beehives, and that nectar becomes honey when the nectar’s sugar concentration increases gradually.
Apiculture is the practice through which people maintain bees. This is an essential process that helps in increasing the economic development of the country. Many valuable products like beeswax, harvest honey, and other actual products are extracted from this practice. This practice involves taking care of bee colonies, and sometimes these bee colonies are also sold for money purposes. Many industries go to where this beekeeping or apiculture is for the sole benefits of financial and economic gain.
The reason bees are excellent pollinators: many plants have different structures and formations, allowing them to ensure certain types of fertilization. Many plants allow self-fertilization only. This restricts the evolution process, and bees are regular visitors to these plants in search of pollen. During these visits, pollen grains get exchanged, which helps cross-pollination, making evolution and variations possible for a plant. This behavior is uncommon and not present in other insects or birds.
The presence of a lot of hair on their body is also an essential factor that makes them a pollinator. When a bee visits a flower, the pollen grains automatically get stuck to its body, then transferred to other flowers. These flowers attract these honey bees to induce pollination. Their bright color helps them further increase the pollination process.
In this way, bees have a lot of agricultural importance as many products are made from them that help in the nation’s growth. These tiny bees work hard to produce products such as honey, and without them, our ecosystem would surely struggle.