Things You Should Know Before Starting Your First Garden

 

Gardening is one of the most rewarding activities one can perform. With time, we have become highly aware of all the negative impacts of the global food industrial system. Large amounts of energy and water are required for the transportation and production of various fruits and vegetables. The need to plant food items locally has become necessary.  

If you are a beginner at gardening, it cannot be obvious to figure out the starting point. One can make the situation less complicated by breaking down the project idea into manageable small steps, and one can get ease at their own pace. And soon, you will notice the fruit of your time and efforts blooming in the form of beautiful views, colorful blooms, and delicious flavors. The below-mentioned steps will help you get started.  

 Consider What To Plant

Are you willing to plant a flower garden? A vegetable garden? Or An herb garden? If you have decided on growing herbs and vegetables because of their contribution to your dining table, make sure you plant those herbs and vegetables that your family and you will be willing to try and consume. 

But if you are willing to plant a flower garden for their fragrance, color, and flair, decide whether you are looking for annual flowers that stay most of the summer but would require replantation of each perennial or springs or flowers that require short bloom timing. Each one of these categories, or combinations, will turn out to make a fantastic garden that will require different maintenance.  

 Pick The Correct Spot

Almost every vegetable and most of the flowers required at least six to eight hours of sunlight every day. So, start observing a spot that receives a good amount of the sun along with full or partial shade. Some plants such as tomatoes cannot be grown in the shade, but other plants such as outdoor ferns and hostas grow perfectly. Make sure you pick a flat spot for your gardening purpose as it will become more expensive, time-consuming, and difficult for you to deal with a sloping garden.  

 Clear The Ground

After choosing a perfect spot, make sure you get rid of every sod around the area. With the help of your spade, slice underneath the sods and cut them into smaller sections to make it easier for you to remove them, then place them on a compost pile and decompose.  

 Improve The Soil

For better growth of your plants and vegetables, make sure your soil is fertile. Residential soil requires boosting, especially in construction areas where the topsoil has stripped away. Your soil can be impoverished, wet, infertile, or highly alkaline, or acidic. 

The solution to repairing your soil is usually straightforward: add a good amount of organic matter, at least a 3-inch layer of decayed leaves, compost, old manure, and dry grass clippings to your gardening spot. If you have decided not to dig a new garden bed and work on the already established one, make sure you avoid adding organic matter as it will rot and turn into humus.  

 Work The Soil

Work the soil means preparing new gardening beds for planting or sowing as it will allow the roots to easily penetrate the dirt and excess a good amount of nutrients and water. You can make use of two methods: digging and tilling.  

Tilling is a process that consists of good quality cultivated soil along with a mechanical device called a rototiller. This method has proven beneficial when an individual requires to incorporate a good amount of amendments. This method can also disturb earthworms and microorganisms. This method in excess can cause damage to soil structure.  

If you decide to dig instead, then please make sure you only dig out the area when the soil is wet enough to deliver loose soil balls and dry enough to break when you drop it. Use a spading fork or sharp shade to turn the ground and adding organic matter.  

Pick Your Plants

Make sure you choose a plant that can quickly adapt to climate conditions, sunlight, and soil. Listed below is the list of plants that can be easily grown by beginners.

  • Annual: Zinnias, Sunflower, Marigold, Impatiens, Geranium, Cosmos, And Calendula.  
  • Perennials: Russian Sage, Purple Coneflower, Phlox, Pansies, Lamb’s Ears, Daylilies, And Black-eyed Susan’s. 
  • Vegetables: Tomatoes, Peppers, Lettuce, And Cucumber.  

 Start Planting

Plants such as kale and pansies can tolerate cold temperatures, so you can easily plant them in late winters or autumn. But plants like tomatoes and many other annual flowers grow in warm climates, so avoid planting them until the frost season has passed. Plants like perennials are perfect for mid-autumn and mid-spring.  

Many plants such as sunflower and lettuce can be grown by planting seeds directly in your garden area. Make sure you read all the instructions and information noted in the seed packet about spacing, depth, and planting time.  

 Water At The Right Time

The basic rule of gardening ideas, seedlings should never dry out, so make sure you water them daily. Clay soil can drive out more quickly than sandy soil, so you don’t have to water it frequently. Windy and sunny conditions can dry the ground more rapidly in comparison to cloudy and cool weather. Feel the soil texture four inches below the surface; if the soil feels dry, it’s time for you to water it. Make sure you water deeply and slowly, so the ground perfectly soaks the water. To eliminate or minimize evaporation, water your plants early in the morning.  

 Conclusion

In a disoriented, unstable, and infuriating world, it can be a pure feeling to experience a plant come to life, bloom in different colors, and spread fragrance around your garden area. Many people have discovered the joy of living in gardening. However, in this article, we have put together some valuable tips for beginners gardening.